LSD was developed in 1938 by Arthur Stoll and Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemists
hoping to create a headache cure. Hofmann accidentally ingested some of the
drug and discovered its hallucinogenic effect. In the 1960s and 70s it was
used by millions of young people in America; its popularity waned as its
reputation for bad trips and resulting accidents and suicides became known.
In 1967, the federal government classified it as a Schedule I drug, i.e.,
having a high abuse potential and no accepted medical use. In the early
1990s it again became popular, presumably because of its low cost. It is
produced in clandestine laboratories.
It is a
hallucinogenic drug that intensifies sense
perceptions and produces hallucinations, mood changes, and changes in the
sense of time. It also can cause restlessness, acute anxiety, and,
occasionally, depression. Although lysergic acid itself is without
hallucinogenic effects, lysergic acid diethylamide, one of the most powerful
drugs known, is weight for weight 5,000 times as potent as the
hallucinogenic drug mescaline and 200 times as potent as psilocybin. LSD is
usually taken orally from little squares of blotter paper, gelatin
“windowpanes,” or tiny tablets called microdots. The period of its effects,
or “trip,” is usually 8 to 12 hours. Unexpected reappearances of the
hallucinations, called “flashbacks,” can occur months after taking the drug.
Acid, big D, blotter, blotter acid, blue heaven, California sunshine,
cube, "D", dose, dot, "L", microdot, paper acid, royal blue, sheet acid,
sid, spots, sunshine, ticket and window pane.